Is Canada back or not? Summary and news

In August 2016, Canada pledged up to 600 Canadian Armed Forces personnel for possible deployment to UN peace operations. In November 2017, at the UN Peacekeeping Ministerial Meeting in Vancouver, further details were provided, including a quick reaction force of about 200 personnel and an Aviation Task Force. These forces would be part of the original 600 personnel commitment.

On Monday, March 19th, Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland and National Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan (finally) announced a second “smart pledge” on peacekeeping: “a commitment to deploy an Aviation Task Force to the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) for a period of 12 months.”

While the details of the mission remain few, there are already many questions.

What we know now

The Aviation Task Force was deployed in Mali and included Chinook and Griffon helicopters and approximately 250 personnel. The government has stated that “Canada remains committed to advancing gender equality in its deployment.”

MEDIA RELEASE: Celebrating May 29, International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers: Canada’s support for UN peace operations falters (May 28 2019)

April 2, 2019: Press release: Canada’s faltering support for UN peace operations

Preparing for peace: Myths and realities of Canadian peacekeeping training (A. Walter Dorn and Joshua Libben, International Journal 2018, Vol. 73(2) 257–281)

MEDIA RELEASE: Celebrating May 29, International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers: Canada’s support for UN peace operations: Still a work in progress (May 29 2018)

Statement from the World Federalist Movement – Canada (March 22 2018)

Press release from the government of Canada (Department of National Defence)

Canada Announces Second Peacekeeping Smart Pledge – Will send Aviation Task Force to UN Mission in Mali (March 19 2018)

House of Commons Standing Committee on National Defence

Canada’s Contributions to International Peacekeeping (including testimony and a written brief from WFMC President Walter Dorn)

From the United Nations

Security Council Outlines Modes of Support, Reimbursement for Joint Anti-Terrorism Force in Sahel, Unanimously Adopting Resolution 2391 (December 8 2017)

Media coverage

Canada sending troops to UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (CBC, Murray Brewster, March 16 2018)

Canada’s Mali mission will emphasize deployment of female peacekeepers (Toronto Star, Lee Berthiaume, March 18 2018)

Canada’s allies frustrated with Trudeau handling of Mali peacekeeping announcement (Global News, March 24 2018)

More than just peacekeepers? Canadian helicopters in Mali could be used to support a multinational counter-terror mission (National Post/Canadian Press, Lee Berthiaume, April 1 2018)

Canadian commitment to Mali coincides with major review of UN peacekeeping mission (The Globe and Mail/Canadian Press, Lee Berthiaume, April 5 2018)

Canada already assisting counterterror force in Mali, defence minister says (Toronto Star/Canadian Press, Lee Berthiaume, April 9 2018)

French army describes ‘underhanded’ extremist attack in Mali (Toronto Star/Associated Press, April 16 2018)

Canada in 2018 is a country of global citizens (Globe and Mail, Opinion, Michael Adams, April 16 2018)

Trudeau talks climate change, Mali peacekeeping mission with France’s Macron (Toronto Star/Canadian Press, Lee Berthiaume, April 16 2018)

Make Mali about peacekeeping, not politics (The Globe and Mail, Lewis Mackenzie, April 19 2018)

UN says Canada needs more helicopters to fully meet its peacekeeping commitments in Mali (CBC, Melissa Kent, April 24 2018)

Government leaving door open to sending spare military helicopters to Mali (CBC/Canadian Press, Lee Berthiaume, 

Mali Peacekeeping: Politics divides Canadian support for mission, but majority say Canada should help (Angus Reid Institute study, July 24 2018)

Canadian troops ready as ‘complex’ Mali peacekeeping mission gets underway: commander (Global News, Rahul Kalvapalle, August 1 2018)

Canadian air crews in Mali now ready for medical evacuations (Radio Canada International/CBC, Levon Sevunts, August 1 2018)

Quebec provincial police could join Mali peacekeeping mission (CBC, Angelica Montgomery, August 5 2018)

ON TARGET: Canadians know too little about Armed Forces (Chronicle Herald, Scott Taylor, August 19 2018)

Canadian peacekeepers in Mali concerned by reported delays in evacuations (Yahoo/Canadian Press, Lee Berthiaume, August 22 2018)

Canadian peacekeepers carry out first support missions in Mali (Radio Canada International, Terry Haig, August 23 2018)